What Your Tongue Can Tell About Your Health

Whenever you go to your physician and dentists even for a viral infection, they often tell you to stick your tongue out to monitor it. This is one of the activities in the doctors while checking their patients. While checking your tongue, the experts look for lesions, firmness, ulcers, unusual coating and masses. These signs help them evaluate infection or fungus if any. 

Our tongue gives information about every organ of our body. It might not lead to a specific diagnosis, but it helps them to ask the patient the right questions. Once they understand which part of body is affected the diagnosis becomes easy. This further helps in recommending the right treatment or meeting the specialist. Signs that indicate imbalance, like change in color, surface texture, structural changes, unusually moist or dry coating, etc. 

According to the ancient Chinese medical practitioners, our tongue offers clues about your emotional and mental health. Some examples of mental health can be if your tongue appears to be greasy it implies that you overthink and worry a lot. A healthy tongue is warm pink in color, has small nodules on the top and bottom. 

Symptoms of an Unhealthy Tongue

White Patches or Likes on the Tongue

Oral Thrush

Oral thrush is caused by Candida albicans fungus, which creates green, or white thick cottage cheese-like patches. It usually occurs in infants, toddlers, older adults, diabetic patients, people with dentures, or people used steroids for asthma and COPD. 

Oral Lichen Planus

This disorder creates white lines similar to lace across the top of your tongue. These laces cause discomfort, burning, and pain. 


Leukoplakia is caused because of cell overgrowth in your mouth, which consists of thick white patches, which can not be scrapped off easily. If you are facing such a condition then it is recommended to visit your dentists soon. 

Red Patches on Your Tongue

Geographic tongue

You might notice red patches with white borders over your tongue. The condition gets its name from the map-like appearance of the tongue. This condition considered to be harmless. 

Vitamin B Deficiency

If you have an abnormally red tongue it indicates vitamin B deficiency. Your body particularly lacks folic acid (vitamin B-9) and cobalamin (vitamin B-12). 

Kawasaki Disease

Kawasaki is a serious disease most common in children under five years of age. The major symptoms of the disease are the strawberry-like color of your tongue and high fever. It is not a life-threatening condition but can lead to heart complications. 

Scarlet Fever

Similar to Kawasaki, your tongue turns strawberry pink while suffering from scarlet fever. Along with high temperature, another symptom is a strep throat. It may also create large bumps on your tongue. 

Yellow Tongue

The primary reason for a yellow tongue is bacterial overgrowth. Other causes are smoking, tobacco, consuming some vitamins, psoriasis, and sometimes jaundice. It is also an early stage of black hairy tongue.    

Black and hairy Tongue

This condition is usually harmless and it is often caused due to bacterial overgrowth. Your tongue may have shades of dark yellow, brown, or black and gives a hairy look. It develops in people having poor oral hygiene, consumes antibiotics, diabetes, and going through a chemotherapy session. 

Sore and Bumpy Tongue

The soreness and bumps on the tongue are often accompanied by pain. It is a result of chewing tobacco, smoking, mouth ulcers, accidental tongue biting, and burns from hot edible items. If this condition continues for several weeks then you must visit a doctor. 


Changes occurring in tongue may describe a lot about our health changes which we may or may not experience. Dentists are the one who deal with our oral cavity and possibly they would be the first person who can observe these changes and establish a reason behind it. So visiting a dentist for regular checkups might not just help you in getting relief from oral disorders but also your dentist can tell you a lot about changes in your general health conditions and guide accordingly. If you are concerned about the changes in your tongue, make an appointment with an expert now. You can seek professional advice at Global Dentals, Gorakhpur.     

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